Floyd Landis lost his title. The anti-doping system that did him in received a warning.
Arbitrators voted to strip the championship from the 2006 Tour de France winner Thursday, upholding the results of a test that showed Landis used synthetic testosterone to fuel his spectacular comeback victory.
But the decision, which bans Landis from cycling through Jan. 30, 2009, also spelled out the numerous problems with the system and the French lab that analyzed Landis' urine.
Not all the criticism came in the scathing dissent written by arbitrator Chris Campbell.
"If such practises continue, it may well be that in the future, an error like this could result in the dismissal" of a positive finding by the lab, wrote Patrice Brunet and Richard McLaren in the majority opinion.
Landis seized on these points to claim he is still the rightful winner of the race, and that he was nothing more than a pawn in a bigger game that led to the arbitration. He has a month to decide whether he will take the case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport &
his last line of appeal.
He didn't feel he'd get a fair shot there, either.
"I have to assess whether a system that corrupt is worth subjecting myself to again," Landis told ESPN.com. "I don't have any reason to believe that CAS is any more sincere."
In an earlier statement, Landis said "I am innocent, and we proved I am innocent."
"This ruling is a blow to athletes and cyclists everywhere," Landis said. "For the Panel to find in favor of USADA when, with respect to so many issues, USADA did not manage to prove even the most basic parts of their case shows that this system is fundamentally flawed."
U.S. Anti-Doping Agency CEO Travis Tygart applauded the decision.
"Today's ruling is a victory for all clean athletes and everyone who values fair and honest competition," Tygart said.
In its 84-page decision, the majority found the initial screening test to measure Landis' testosterone levels &
the testosterone-to-epitestosterone test &
was not done according to World Anti-Doping Agency rules.
But the more precise and expensive carbon-isotope ratio analysis (IRMS), performed after a positive T-E test is recorded, was accurate, the arbitrators said, meaning "an anti-doping rule violation is established."
"As has been held in several cases, even where the T-E ratio has been held to be unreliable ... the IRMS analysis may still be applied," the majority wrote. "It has also been held that the IRMS analysis may stand alone as the basis" of a positive test.
The decision comes more than a year after Landis' stunning comeback in Stage 17 of the 2006 Tour, one that many people said couldn't be done without some kind of outside help.
Pat McQuaid, leader of cycling's ruling body, said rules dictate that Landis can be stripped of his Tour de France title immediately. That makes Oscar Pereiro, who finished second last year, the official winner.
"It's not a great surprise considering how events have evolved," McQuaid said. "He got a highly qualified legal team who tried to baffle everybody with science and public relations. And in the end, the facts stood up."
Landis insisted on a public hearing not only to prove his innocence, but to provide an unflinching look at USADA and the rules it enforces, and also establish a pattern of incompetence at the French lab where his urine was tested.
Although the panel rejected Landis' argument of a "conspiracy" at the Chatenay-Malabry lab, it did find areas of concern. They dealt with chain of command in controlling the urine sample, the way the tests were run on the machine, the way the machine was prepared and the "forensic corrections" done on the lab paperwork.
"... the Panel finds that the practises of the Lab in training its employees appears to lack the vigor the Panel would expect in the circumstances given the enormous consequences to athletes" of an adverse analytical finding, the decision said.
In Campbell's opinion, the Landis case should have been dismissed.
"The documents supplied by (the French lab) are so filled with errors that they do not support an Adverse Analytical Finding," Campbell wrote. "Mr. Landis should be found innocent."
In at least one respect, Landis was innocent, because the panel dismissed the T-E test. But in the arbitration process, a procedural flaw in the first test doesn't negate a positive result in follow-up tests.
In his dissent, Campbell latched onto the T-E ratio test, among other things, as proof that the French lab couldn't be trusted.
"Also, the T-E ratio test is acknowledged as a simple test to run. The IRMS test is universally acknowledged as a very complicated test to run, requiring much skill. If the LNDD couldn't get the T-E ratio test right, how can a person have any confidence that LNDD got the much more complicated IRMS test correct?"
It was confusion like this that resulted in the harsh review the anti-doping movement received during Landis' nine-day hearing in May.
But Landis also took his share of abuse, and ultimately, USADA still improved to 35-0 in cases it has brought before arbitration panels since it was founded in 2000.
More than the complex, turgid scientific evidence, the hearing will be remembered for the Greg LeMond brouhaha.
The hearing turned into a soap opera when the former Tour de France winner showed up and told of being sexually abused as a child, confiding that to Landis, then receiving a call from Landis' manager the night before his testimony threatening to disclose LeMond's secret to the world if LeMond showed up.
LeMond not only showed up, he also claimed Landis had admitted to him that he doped. That was the only aspect of the LeMond testimony the panel cared about.
"The panel concludes that the respondent's comment to Mr. LeMond did not amount to an admission of guilt or doping," the majority wrote.
Despite that, and many other flaws in the lab, Brunet and McLaren found Landis guilty.
The decision comes a full 14 months after Landis' final sprint down the Champs-Elysees. On Thursday, the street was bustling with businessmen and shoppers, not bicyclists and spectators.
"We waited too long," Tour de France race director Christian Prudhomme said. "But it is an ending as we expected. It's over, and we never had any doubts."
Landis stripped of Tour de France title