Every generation in America is menaced by two groups of government conspiracy theorists &

those who deny such conspiracies exists and those who insist they do. Since the events of 9/11, the sheer volume of government conspiracies has increased and become magnified in the public arena. Part of the reason is due to the fact that virtually everyone knows that our government lies. And from time to time it gets caught in its own web of deceit. When that happens, the conspiracy deniers tend to promote the "Well, yeah, but ..." argument.

For example:

Statement &

The U.S. government promotes democracy and freedom both here and abroad. It would never seek to undermine nor overthrow a democratic nation.

Conspiracy theory &

The U.S. government has been involved in numerous coverts and overt attempts, both successful and unsuccessful, to undermine and overthrow many governments around the world including those based upon a system of democracy.

Conspiracy deniers &

There is no proof that the U.S. government has ever sought to undermine or overthrow any government that wasn't a clear threat to the sovereignty of the United States and the freedom of its citizens.

Fact &

The U.S. government collaborated with the British government to undermine and overthrow the government of Iran in 1953, which was then based upon a democratic parliamentary system and posed no threat to the United States.

"Well, yeah, but" Iran is a radical extremist nation that harbors terrorists, say the Yeah-buts. And besides, our government would never deliberately conspire to bring harm to American citizens. Think of all the people such a conspiracy would involve if such a nefarious scheme were hatched. It would be impossible to keep it under wraps for very long.

The Yeah-buts have no legitimate answer for the decades-long , during which 10 presidential administrations, the Department of Public Health and an academic institution were all complicit in providing cover for illegal and immoral experiments conducted on American citizens. That one citation isn't even a drop in the bucket of conducted over several generations involving many thousands of workers in this country alone.

THE GREAT DEBATE

The government lies and cannot be trusted, say the Kooks.

"Well, yeah, but" &

admit the Yeah-buts &

"Our government is only looking out for our well-being."

Thus the moniker is apt.

The Kooks, on the other hand, sometimes go too far.

Instead of demanding that the government fill in the enormous holes that amateur sleuths poke in its varied stories, the Kooks tend to come up with a wide variety of theories on their own, thus rendering their legitimate points moot &

lost in a maze of twisted ideas and widely varying conclusions.

Thus the Kooks, whose disrespectful label has been whispered from ear to ear by Yeah-buts for generations, aptly earn their title as well.

The latest local conspiracy debate between the Yeah-buts and Kooks concerns the trails left across the Rogue Valley skies on a routine basis. The Kooks claim the trails left by high-flying aircraft are laced with chemicals, thus the name "chemtrails." The claim is that government agents fly the planes and release chemicals that have an impact upon the populations over which the trails are created.

The Yeah-buts do not deny the trails exist, but rather agree with the government's explanation that the phenomena are trails of condensation that start, stop and dissipate at varying time intervals due to various atmospheric conditions.

The Kooks point to a variety of information resources that often do not all agree on the process, protocol or conclusions regarding the chemical cocktails they say are cooked up and sprayed over population areas. However, such theories are not without precedent, and have even been appeared in the on the east coast long before the outcry reached the doors of the Daily Tidings.

The government's own that supposedly prohibits such theoretical population exposure to secret experimentation, also allowed the very same experiments through its clauses in the law. In 1997, the same law was . The current law of each subject. The very fact that such a law exists, regardless of so-called protection clauses that enable government officials to deceive would-be subjects into inadvertent waivers of unknown rights, ought to give each citizen reason to pause and reflect upon the presumed benevolent powers that make decisions to risk human health and life to advance clandestine agendas.

LET THE NAME-CALLING BEGIN

The chemtrails versus contrails debate is one that may never be resolved due to a number of problems. The Yeah-buts typically do little research, if any, and often end their probes once sufficient government documentation is acquired that supports the condensation theory.

Rebuttals by Kooks, who often seek additional information that refutes the universal condensation theory, is often ignored rather than addressed. Kooks, by their name alone, have a difficult time persuading Yeah-buts primarily due to a lack of respect. Theoretical positions that seem odd or outlandish to Yeah-buts are often dismissed as having no credibility. Such dismissals have often had the unwitting result of paving the path for ongoing secret government operations that take generations to surface. Yet, such historical proof of government conspiracies still fail to lift the veil of innocence that continues to cover the eyes of most citizens.

Of course, debates and emotion-filled arguments are seldom ever resolved by two opposing parties merely spewing their venom toward one another out of a lack of respect for each other's viewpoints. Indeed, if one travels back far enough on a timeline of discussion, there is likely a point of agreement. And from that point is where I tend to begin my investigations into controversial issues.

The point of agreement between the Yeah-buts and Kooks is the fact that high-flying planes do indeed leave trails across the sky of varying lengths that start, stop and dissipate at varying intervals. From that point, the linear discussion frays into many lines of thought in various directions.

WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE SKY?

My first attempt to uncover the mystery of the sky trails was a phone call to the Air National Guard in Klamath Falls. I wanted to speak to someone in air traffic control. I did. He provided some information to me and also referred me to the Federal Aviation Administration. I made contact with an official of the FAA.

My sources, which include more than the two mentioned above, explained that the traffic over the Rogue Valley is controlled by three different entities: Air Traffic Controllers in Medford, ATC in Eugene and finally ATC in Seattle. The determining factor regarding jurisdiction is how high the aircraft is flying and its proximity to the Medford airport.

The illustration given was an upside-down layered wedding cake. From the ground up to a height of 2,500 feet, and a radius of five miles, Medford airport is responsible for the air traffic. From an altitude of 2,500 to 18,000 feet, the control (Cascade Approach) is out of Eugene. And anything flying between 18,000 feet and 60,000 feet is controlled out of Seattle.

Anything flying over 60,000 feet, I was told, has no restrictions and no jurisdiction. At that altitude the air is 100 degrees below zero and the pressure so low it can boil human blood. I'm guessing if anything is flying that high, it isn't carrying passenger luggage.

The Rogue Valley does have a lot of air traffic over it, admitted one of my sources. But there is a good reason. Located on Upper Table Rock is a very high frequency omni-directional air traffic beacon radiating frequencies 360 degrees. Aircraft use these frequencies as navigational pathways. Each aircraft can fly on a single frequency, like a car traveling in its own lane on a highway. Many aircraft choose to fly near this beacon even with the use of global positioning systems because many pilots are comfortable with the pathways, according to one of my sources who said the Rogue Valley is a major air route.

Medford has an Airways Facility Office at its airport that is responsible for maintaining the navigational beacon, despite the fact that the beacon is nearly obsolete. As long as pilots use it, the beacon will apparently remain a part of aviation navigation. And we will continue to see lots of planes flying overhead.

Thus, the Rogue Valley is sort of like a super highway where planes get on and off, like on-ramps and exit ramps. Since most of these planes are flying in excess of 30,000 feet, they are not controlled by local ATC. Rather, Seattle ATC is in control. Military planes also fly over our area due to a nearby base. That also helps to explain the high traffic volume of aircraft. But what about the trails?

SKY TRAILS

All of my sources agreed that the trails which form behind high-flying aircraft (typically over 30,000 feet) are condensation trails. These form due to cold air flowing through an intake to the hot turbines, which heat the air. The exhaust is then rapidly cooled by the atmosphere, which forms ice crystals. The crystals trail behind the plane for great lengths, and dissipate at varying time intervals depending upon atmospheric conditions.

The Environmental Protection Agency did a study of its own and provides the information on its Web site. It includes dramatic photos of numerous sky trails, taken from both the earth and satellites. It also shows a photo of contrails forming behind a plane from the perspective of another research plane traveling directly in its wake. The EPA states that contrails can last for hours and grow in size by taking water from the surrounding atmosphere. The trails spread due to "air turbulence created by the passage of other aircraft, differences in wind speed along the flight track, and possibly through effects of solar heating."

CONTRAILS AND GLOBAL WARMING?

Persistent contrails have attracted the interest of scientists, according to the EPA, due to the fact they increase the cloudiness of the atmosphere.

"Change in cloudiness are important because clouds help control the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere. Changes in cloudiness resulting from human activities are important because they might contribute to long-term changes in the Earth's climate. Contrails' possible climate effects are one component of aviation's expected overall climate effect. Another key component is carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the combustion of jet fuel. Increases in CO2 and other 'greenhouse gases' are expected to warm the lower atmosphere and earth's surface."

Whoa! Wait a second. Did the EPA say that contrails and jet fuel combustion in the skies contribute to global warming? I would expect such an admission to be written across the sky by Al Gore's environmental devotees. Shouldn't we all be switching to paper airplanes? Where are the Kooks promoting this information to the high heavens? And what about the Yeah-buts? Don't they object to anything that massively contributes to the annihilation of the human species through the process of global warming?

"Well, yeah, but" we have to get around, don't we?

CHEMTRAILS

The on-line information clearinghouse Wikipedia had this to offer:

The Las Vegas Tribune, a free weekly broadsheet, ran an article on September 9, 2005, entitled "Chemtrails - Coming Out Of The Closet?",[9] wherein that publication's managing editor, Marcus K. Dalton, stated that United States Air Force scientists working at Wright-Patterson Air Force base in Dayton, told Columbus Alive[10] - a weekly entertainment magazine - that they had been conducting two aerial spraying experiments: "one involved aluminum oxide spraying related to global warming and the other involved barium stearate and had to do with high-tech military communications."

Additionally, Congressman Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio), who has White House aspirations, introduced the subject of chemtrails in H.R 2977, the Space Preservation Act of 2001. The list of weapons to be banned (which included substances believed to be in chemtrails) was later stricken from the bill. Nevertheless, such restriction only serves to note that other members of Congress were not willing to pass the bill with such information in it. It does nothing to dispel the notion that such chemicals are being dispersed through the use of chemtrails.

The official response from the U.S. Air Force, according to Wikipedia:

The United States Air Force describes the chemtrail theory as a "hoax," claiming, "The "Chemtrail" hoax has been investigated and refuted by many established and accredited universities, scientific organizations, and major media publications."

Unfortunately, no debate was ever won on the circumstantial idea that promotes an unidentified multitude of "established and accredited universities," and "scientific organizations." Certainly media organizations may not be touted by any government organization as a source to prove or disprove chemtrails. The media are the eyes and ears of the American people seeking to publicize that which the public has a right to know. Often such information is heavily guarded by the government. Such is the case for the voluminous amount of requests for data, audio and video related to 9/11 that the government refuses to release to this day.

It seems quite odd that any military organization would consider the chemtrail theory as a "hoax" based upon citations from the media. Additionally, if there are a list of universities and scientific organizations that refute the chemtrail theory, it would perhaps be prudent for the Air Force to simply list them, rather than stand atop a mountain that doesn't exist.

The secrecy of the military is one that is readily accepted by the American public. Unfortunately, such secrecy has provided a cover for nefarious agendas, as well as illegal and immoral operations. If the military was involved in creating chemtrails across the sky, and wished to keep it under wraps, the easiest thing to do would be to deny such a claim, point to other sources and let the Yeah-buts yell at the Kooks until the public tires of the debate and no longer pays attention.

Among the Kooks who seek to uncover the truth regarding various phenomena, rather than accept rational explanations that fail to withstand scrutiny, is the group Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI). This group, comprised of a number of respected scientists, do not dismiss the chemtrail theory. In one of its , CSI touches on a lecture by a man by the name of William Thomas (Responding to the Chemtrails Threat).

The conclusion was that Thomas wasn't as much concerned with the theory of poisoning the population as he was with the idea that such deliberate cloudiness of the sky is part of a secret government operation seeking to slow global warming. Unfortunately, the result has been, according to CSI, the exact opposite!

The government's formation of cirrus clouds and additives to the air that cause normally created clouds to grow much larger in size have caused heat to be trapped upon the earth longer, thereby increasing temperatures which assist in the global warming phenomena.

Imagine my surprise when I discovered that the Kooks, who side with scientists like CSI, agree with the Yeah-buts, who look to the EPA and other government institutions for answers!

So, let's put the debate to bed. Whether you believe in contrails only, or both contrails and chemtrails, in the final analysis, both seem to lead to global warming, according to "established universities and scientific organizations." And perhaps now we can get back to debating whether or not the warming of the planet will kill us all before the poisons dropping from the clouds give us all cancer.

________

is the author of, "The WHOLE Truth about the U.S. War on Terror: Answers to every question you never knew to ask"