COOS BAY — When the railroad closed, hundreds of jobs vanished. Engineers had to find other companies. Business that relied on rail to transport goods contracted, some considered closing.
"It's like I was on a two-week vacation for two years," said Randy King, a former engineer on the coastal railway that connects Eugene with Coos Bay. King left Oregon for another job after the line to Coos Bay was embargoed, because of years of deferred maintenance, in 2007. Two years later he lost that job, so he returned to the South Coast to look for work and care for his ailing father.
His story mirrors dozens of other South Coast residents directly connected to the railroad. And like most of them, it ends happy.
When the Coos Bay Rail Link re-opened in 2011, King got his job back.
"It's like riding a bike," he said, smiling beside the CBRL's bright blue locomotive. "You never really forget."
Rail workers and customers may be happy now, but they say the four years without service took a toll.
For example: American Bridge built a $12 million steel fabrication facility outside Reedsport in 2003. The company felt it needed a factory that could produce customized steel components for West Coast construction projects. Its only other fabrication facility was near Pittsburgh, Penn.
"Douglas County made this site very attractive," said Fred Jacquot, American Bridge's sales manager. He stood in the Reedsport facility's main office building.
"We needed a site that had water access and rail access," he said. "We chose this site because we needed rail access."
At its peak, the company employed about 100 people. Office workers placed orders and handled contract bids. General laborers hauled materials and readied work areas. Welders shaped metal sheets into enormous bridge components. Thousands of tons of steel moved in and out of Reedsport on rail cars.
For four years, the company climbed. Then in Sept. 2007, without warning, the railroad folded. Almost overnight, the plant went quiet.
"When we lost the ability to ship by rail, we couldn't compete in the Midwest," Jacquot said.
A rail car can carry four times the tonnage a semi-truck can, and costs far less to hire. Without rail, the company could no longer afford to bid on large projects, or any project outside the immediate region.
American Bridge entered the Great Recession already wounded. Within months, 100 employees shrunk to 10.
"If we did not have a railroad," Jacquot said, "we would not have been able to stay at this facility."
It was a similar story at all the local sawmills, except sawmills used the railroad almost every day, shipping lumber around the country. When the rail closed, there weren't enough trucks to handle the volume of lumber being shipped.
"We tried to service our customers that were being serviced on rail as well as we could using truck carriers," said Brian Paul, the plant manager at Coos Head Forest Products. That 'became expensive because everybody else in the area was trying to do the same thing."
In the four years the railroad was embargoed, the trucking industry adjusted to fill local demand. But the raised shipping costs wore down lumber mills, already hurting from Great Recession's construction slump.
"It was a one-two punch," Jacquot said. And all he could do was wait and see if rail service would come back.
A few miles west of Mapleton on a recent Tuesday afternoon, construction workers from Houston, Texas replaced ties at a railroad crossing. The afternoon sun peaked through the second growth tree canopy as an excavator pushed ties beneath the rails. Men clad in bright orange used sledge hammers to position the ties. The foreman followed behind, wielding a spike maul to secure the ties to the rail with rhythmic, rolling swings, 'ping, ping, ping."
"This railroad, they had let it go for a long period of time," said Tom Foster, CBRL's general manager. "They thought it wasn't worth repairing, and they didn't care. They didn't care about the community."
Central Oregon & Pacific Railroad closed this line in 2007, declaring it unsafe due to years of deferred maintenance. As South Coast rail customers scrambled to adjust, the Oregon International Port of Coos Bay looked for a solution. It gathered $16 million dollars from grant money, and in 2009 purchased the defunct line.
The port then raised another $30 million in state and federal grants to repair the railway. Foster came on as CBRL manager in 2011, just as the port completed enough repairs to restore service to a few saw mills and American Bridge.
The first train crawled from Eugene to the Southport Forest Products lumber yard in Oct. 2011, and was welcomed by a small, cheering crowd.
It was a landmark event, Foster said. But his work was just beginning.
The key to the railroad's long-term survival is customers, Foster said. So, he's been networking and making cold calls.
"When we started this railroad, we ran it on a thumbnail," Foster said. "And we still run it on a thumbnail, but it's not as bad."
Right now, the railroad has 10 customers scattered between here and Eugene. The saw mills are the most frequent users. American Bridge ships in steel sporadically, and a group of organic farmers from the Coquille Valley periodically order rail cars full of grain.
Foster is negotiating with a quarry in Eugene that proposes to ship rock.
Finishing the $30 million restoration project will help attract customers, Foster added. For now, rail travel is restricted to 10 mph. When crews finish this round of construction, the speed limit should increase to 25 mph, so trains can run more frequently.
Plus, CBRL plans to have service restored to Coquille within the next few months. Last week, a rail crew brought a locomotive across the Coos Bay Rail Bridge for the first time in five years.
"I'm very proud of this railroad," Foster said, "what we've accomplished in a year."
The rail customers are happy, too.
"About three months before the railroad opened, we started bidding on big projects again," Jacquot said. The move paid off. American Bridge won a contract to supply the steel parts for Trimet's Kellogg Bridge project in Milwaukie.
Last week, a train arrived with the massive steel plates American Bridge will use to construct the bridge components.
The company now employs 55 people, and plans to hire more welders.
"We plan to be here," Jacquot said. "We plan to be here 20 or 30 years in the future. We need to know the railroad is going to be here, too."